Our sole purpose is to protect Lincoln property values

-The Wind Farm Scam-
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Town of Lincoln Town Board meets the 2nd Wednesday of the month at 6886 Tuttle Road, Lincoln

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Realtor: “If I brought someone out here to look at property with a view of the mountains or a property with a view of wind turbines, which one do you think they’ll buy?”


Must be good for the town, approved by the town, no negative impacts.

New to wind farms? Here's a primer on the negative effects..


During the October 2019 Lincoln Town Board meeting, a moratorium on wind farm construction was passed. This gives the town time to assess the negative impacts. The developer should withdraw their application for reasons unrelated to the town's actions. To continue will only tarnish their image and precede them in future projects.

It is highly unlikely that their proposal would survive an Article 78 challenge for multiple reasons. Nobody puts 500 foot wind turbines 738 feet from homes today! 1-Turbine manufacturer Vestas (with 66,000 units in the field) states: It is indefensible, from a safety perspective alone, to specify in a wind ordinance designed to protect the public health, safety, and welfare a setback that is less than 1,640 feet. Will Optimum argue that it knows more than Vestas? 2-The proposal already violates 19 town setback requirements. 3-We believe that there would be another 15 violations of the town's 50 dba maximum sound level ordinance. 4-A NYS Administrative law judge panel recently ruled, in a 253 page decision, that based on information presented by the state health department and the World Health Organization, humans may be at risk at levels below 46 dba. A lower 40 dba level is now in effect which effectively invalidates Lincoln's higher 50 dba ordinance.

Optimum previously walked away from a project in Iowa due to community opposition. That was a feather in their cap. It was the responsible thing to do. However, arguing that a 738 foot setback is safe---is irresponsible and not in their long term interest if they present other projects to other towns. The biggest threat to Optimum's image is Optimum.

In this video, Robert Rand discusses dozens of researcher's conclusions. Rand shows why 30 dba is the gold standard. Lincoln has an antiquated 50 dba sound limit.







Lincoln's proposed turbines are monsters compared to Fenners. They may be higher yet. The developer is evasive. They filed papers with the FAA and the town saying 500' but during the July 2019 town board meeting they said they haven't made a final determination on the number of turbines, the height, or the location.


For a year, Nirelli has been working with a wind farm developer to bring eight (8) wind turbines to the Whitman-Old County Road area. They will be as close as 834 feet to homes. On average they will be 1,400 feet away. Common sense ALONE should tell you:







Above: Fenner wind turbine collapse in 2016. No one died because no one lives there.
Lincoln is different. 50 homes are nearby.






Developers provide 'formulas' to determine setbacks for safety. Most formulas aren't worth the paper they're written on. Instead, real world accidents provide all the proof that is necessary.


Germany- In Germany in 2003, the brakes of a wind turbine failed in high winds and the blades spun out of control at a much higher that normal rpm. A rotor blade struck the tower and the entire nacelle flew off the tower. Another rotor blade tore off and hurled away. The remainder of the turbine house fell from the tower. The generator separated from the transmission and fell. The main parts of a wing hurled 820' in a southeast direction. Another wing hurled approximately 656' in a northeast direction. Other pieces of rubble were hurled as far away as 1,148 feet. This distance is nearly identical to calculations of ice throw from turbines with 100-ft blades rotating 20 times per minute (1,680-ft). (Source-www.gemeinde-reinsberg and Health, hazard, and quality of life near wind power installations. Dr. Nina Pierpont). The Lincoln project will not use 100-ft blades. Instead they will use 211 foot blades.



Here's a New York Times article titled: Why 1,000 feet will not protect public safety.




Assuming an Article 78 lawsuit results, the Lincoln Town Board will be required to prove the impossible. They will need to prove to the court that setbacks as small as 700' will ensure the public's safety. That's not possible! For that reason, we believe this project is dead.



These units catch fire only when wind speed is greater than 45 mph. Plastic fireballs leaving their 500 foot perch can travel great distances. At high wind speeds fires double every 16 seconds. It takes roughly 18 minutes for the fire department to get there which means the only thing saved will be the chimney. Fenner wind turbines caught fire.


Syracuse paper: 113-foot blade falls off windmill that previously toppled in Madison County
Here are 27 photos of fallen wind turbines elsewhere.





Here's a well produced video that helps explain how wind turbines affect people's health. (23 minutes but it's well worth the time).


Nirelli wants to pimp our town for an annual payment from the developer of $30,000 when their tax bill should actually be $1.25 million per year. Forget Nirelli selling us out for $30k for now. Let's focus on the destruction of our community.


There are many negative consequences to hosting a wind farm. In fact, if you believe that there is even one good reason--such as saving the planet--you have been brainwashed and really need to read on. Here's a video of a real estate broker telling how homes sell for 80% less than they should---if they are lucky enough to get an offer at all.





Here are over two dozen studies of property devaluation studies along with links to a:



Above: 74% property value loss if saleable at all.


Over a dozen towns in New York State wrote new wind ordinances with property value guarantees included. Wind developers will tell you with a straight face that turbines don't devalue homes and provide one or two studies by phd's that prostituted themselves for a buck.  If wind developers say there is no property devaluation, they shouldn't have a problem with putting their money where their mouth is and signing a property value guarantee agreement. Fenner's wind farm owner did it decades ago. If Fenner can do it, Lincoln can do it.  If Lincoln approves an agreement without one, the town board should be tarred and feathered.


 Wind turbines generate noise at 104 decibels. Jet aircraft generate 110 decibels of noise. Fifty towns approved 35 dba noise limits but Lincoln's developer wants much louder 50 dba.


Wind turbines cause flicker. When the sun is right, sunlight is interrupted by the turbines. See photo below.


Then there's infrasound which is a vibration that causes medical problems. Infrasound is in the family of  sea sickness 24 x 7 x 365 when the wind blows.  Infrasound is reported to cause:  Sleep disturbance, headaches, tinnitus, ear pressure, dizziness, nausea, visual blurring, rapid heart rate (tachycardia), irritability, concentration problems, memory problems, panic episodes, and quivering.


Autistic children threat: A 2003 study by Stansfeld and Matheson found that children in general represent a group who are particularly vulnerable to the non-auditory (infrasound) effects of noise.  The report stated “In view of the fact that children are still developing both physically and cognitively, there is a possible risk that exposure to an environmental stressor such as noise may have an irreversible negative consequence for this group”.  In 2010 a study by Steigler and Davis found that noise sensitivity is a particular problem with those with Autism Spectrum Disorders.


Then there's the Amish farmers within 1,000 feet of the turbines. Their production is likely to be vastly reduced in a town whose primary occupation is farming. More below.


The flashing synchronized red lights will be a constant reminder of how stupid we were to allow these eyesores in our town.


The majority of the town will be subject to synchronized flashing high powered lighting at night. Go to a hilltop and look at the Fenner wind farm's flashing lights then ask yourself if flashing lights are what you want to look at every night for the next two decades. Watching the stars at night will be a thing of the past. Have a telescope? Sell it.

The developer will give anyone $2,000 to plant trees. The catch is that you can never speak out.

Above: Red shows area the synchronized flashing tower lights will be seen within Lincoln

The flashing lights will be seen from Watertown to Norwich and from Oswego to Hamilton County.


There are a ton of other reasons for not hosting a wind farm. Click here and here


The wind industry spends a half billion dollars lobbying each year. Cuomo, Madison County, and the Madison County IDA drank the Cool-Aid.


Here's what should upset Town of Lincoln residents. Wind farms worked in other parts of Madison County so they are a good thing right? Visit Madison County's three wind farms. The one thing you will not see are homes or at least a substantial number. Lincoln is far different. Fifty homes will be within feet of these eyesores.  We built this website to discuss town issues.


Fortunately Lincoln has access to one of the nation's preeminent scientists on this subject. John Droz is a physicist. His website is here. Nearly one half million people visited his website to learn about wind. He offered the town board three optons:

1- Private meeting with interested Town Board members (& the Town attorney): 60± min?

2- Lincoln Public Hearing talk about what should be done (no slides): 30 min + Q&A?

3- Public slideshow talk about wind energy in Lincoln and NYS: 45 min + Q&A?


We expect the November and December town board meetings to be important to the developer because the federal energy tax credit expires in 2020 unless congress and Trump renews it. Trump hates wind farms.





Most towns issue a 6 month moratorium then appoint a dedicated wind committee. Their job is to put together updated land management laws based on current knowledge of the effects of wind turbines. We have a link to a sample ordinance at the bottom of this page. 

In July of 2018, a wind farm developer gave a presentation to the Lincoln Town Board. In this video, he states that there will be a total of five (5) wind turbines. They will be 4 megawatt (MW) each and a minimum of 492 feet tall to 750'. During a board meeting Nirelli said the exact height will be determined after the developer reviews results from the meteorological tower and the total number of towers will be four.  The FAA approved Optimum's application on November of 2017. Their FAA approval shows eight (8) turbines in Lincoln and two (2) in Smithfield.

  November 2017: FAA approved 10 turbines
July 2018: Developer says 5 turbines during town board meeting (9 months after FAA approval of 10)
Spring 2019: Nirelli says 4 turbines during town board meeting
March 25, 2019 We told Nirelli that we knew the developer submitted plans to the FAA for 10 turbines
April 24, 2019 The developer resubmitted an FAA application reducing the turbines to 6.

It's New York State's job to permit wind farms NOT Lincoln's-But

 The state only allows tiny projects to be handled by towns.  Once the total number of generation exceeds 25 megawatts (MW), towns such as Lincoln take a back seat. The ten turbines the developer applied for was recently reduced to 6 most likely to avoid NYS from getting involved. The state is much tougher. For example, it's highly unlikely that NY would allow turbines 1,400 feet from homes. One document by scientists on a NYS website says that hardware flying off wind turbines can be expected over 1,900 away. Let's not forget that it is New York State that is the one saying that parts fly off wind turbines up to 1,900 feet away.


What does the manufacturer say? The developer specified Vestas brand. Vestas safety manual: It is indefensible, from a safety perspective alone, to specify in a wind ordinance designed to protect the public health, safety, and welfare a setback that is less than 1,640 feet.

78% of the turbines will be within 1,640 feet of homes.

The developer would have a hell of a time getting this past New York State. If this project is bad for the state, it should be bad for the town board. And it is. Watch the video above where a couple in Pennsylvania has to move during the winter to another home because the turbines 1,600 feet away are so loud (they are louder in the winter). It's quite possible that NYS may take over the permitting or siting as they like to call it. One nice thing about the state doing it is that the developer is mandated to pay interlocutory funds. Groups can ask for a study by independent scientists. For example, one town got funds for a study to determine the home devaluation. In Lincoln, the setback would be a major issue. Actually the Town of Lincoln has a law on the books known as the Tyre Law to fund the same. But if the town doesn't have the will to even listen  to an independent scientist for free, they're unlikely to hire one.

Statewide, lots of politicians are getting rich by voting for wind farms. Unfortunately New York State doesn't go after these people who should abstain due to a conflict of interest. The Utica newspaper did an interesting story on this: Twelve public officials who sat on county and town boards in Lewis County stand to make a combined $7.5 million from the region’s largest wind-turbine project, government disclosure forms show. And numerous other officials in Herkimer County stand to profit as well from new projects there, although not to the same extent, records show. One Madison County politician could beat those records.

Q. So who stands to get rich in Madison County from the Lincoln wind farm?
A. Richard Bargabos. He is the Chairman of the Madison County Industrial Development Agency. He is also the Smithfield Town Supervisor. According to FAA records, electrical lines could cross his property or be adjacent to it. He has 268.38 acres. It takes 3 acres per turbine so Bargabos could host 89 turbines. Typical payment is $10,000 per year. 20 years will be the term of the Lincoln agreement. 3 x 89 x $10,000 x 20= $17.8 mil


IDA projects commonly receive property tax exemptions through a type of lease agreement. The project operator transfers the property title to the IDA, which then leases the property back to the project operator. This allows the IDA to confer its tax exempt status on the project. Upon project completion or termination, the title reverts to the project operator.

We have no way of knowing if Bargabos wants or can be a part of this project. That's exactly my point. The Town of Lincoln has been in violation of New York's Code of Conduct, that requires such disclosures, for over a year. These are the things we could learn if Nirelli obeys New York State law. More on the COC below.

March 2019 Optimum now says 6 turbines.

Finally on the subject of politics, the town needs to DEMAND that all affected parties are permitted to exercise their 1st Amendment Rights to express their opinion. The developer stated that he was going to get neighbors to sign so called Good Neighbor Agreements. These agreements have been described as BRIBES in exchange for silence. Typically home owners are told that they will receive $3,000 if they agree to live with the negative consequences of wind farms. Most agreements have a clause that allows the developer to file a lawsuit against anyone who speaks out against the developer. Needy residents who see free money don't usually understand the full implications. The town should refuse to move forward until the agreements have been amended to allow everyone to exercise their rights without fear of a lawsuit.

Wind speed is far greater in the developer's home state of Iowa.

So why are they here? The answer is that developers target areas that don't have strong wind zoning regulations. It is the job of the Town of Lincoln to enact strong wind ordinances.


Buffalo, NY Newspapers and websites have article after article about the Western New York Town of Somerset Town Supervisor Daniel Engert. Somerset is one of the most beautiful communities anywhere upstate. It's the kind of place that Ozzie and Harriet could have raised their children in. It's on Lake Ontario. The town is immaculate and worthy of a visit.

Before I met Daniel, I stopped in at an old style soda fountain on Main Street and talked to the proprietor about Daniel. The proprietor praised Daniel over and over saying 'he's the 'best listener you could hope for in a job like his'. He said  that he's 'one of the smartest people you will ever meet especially when it comes to wind farms'.

We visited with Daniel for about an hour. We had only two questions: Why are wind farms bad for your community and what would you tell the Lincoln Town Board.




For comparison, Walmart pays a tax rate of $41.60 per 1,000 including & town/county. This wind project will cost $24 million. $1.3 million in taxes will be due each year. Without input from the community, Nirelli negotiated an agreement that will allow the developer to pay peanuts.

Average annual payment of $208,884 per year divided between the town, the county, library, and fire department. Some years Lincoln will only receive $11,000 per year!

FIRE $300,807  
LIBRARY $138,132  
TOTAL $4,177,687  

Over the 20 year agreement, the developer will pay: $4.2 million.
The developer should pay: $26 million (based on Walmart's rate).


Or more? In addition to the foregoing, the Lincoln Town Board is playing with fire. They are writing an agreement with taxes tied to real property value. Lewis County did the same with their 100 turbines but got hauled into court. The developer claimed that they should pay taxes only on the concrete and not the wind turbines because wind turbines are not considered real property under IRS rules. Lewis County's $565 million turbine assessment would have lost 97%. The county cut a shitty deal for residents just to make the lawsuit go away. Fenner got into a similar lawsuit and Madison County screwed taxpayers rather than to fight.


RECEIPIANT YR 1 YR 2 YR 3 YR 4 YR 5 YR 6 YR 7 YR 8 YR 9 YR 10 YR 11 YR 12 YR 13 YR 14 YR 15 YR 16 YR 17 YR 18 YR 19 YR 20 TOTALS
PILOT $180,000 $183,600 $187,272 $191,017 $194,838 $198,735 $202,709 $206,763 $210,899 $215,117 $219,419 $223,807 $228,284 $232,849 $237,506 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $3,112,815
MADCO                               $28,312 $28,595 $28,881 $29,170 $29,462 $144,420
LINCOLN                               $11,284 $11,397 $11,511 $11,626 $11,743 $57,561
SCHOOL                               $83,111 $83,943 $84,782 $85,630 $86,486 $423,952
FIRE $27,023 $25,857 $24,665 $23,446 $20,928 $20,928 $19,627 $18,299 $16,941 $15,555 $14,140 $12,694 $11,219 $9,712 $8,174 $11,284 $5,003 $5,053 $5,104 $5,155 $300,807
LIBRARY $12,667 $12,130 $11,571 $10,999 $9,817 $9,817 $9,207 $8,584 $7,947 $7,297 $6,633 $5,955 $5,263 $4,556 $3,835 $2,324 $2,347 $2,371 $2,394 $2,418 $138,132
TOTALS $219,690 $221,587 $223,508 $225,462 $225,583 $229,480 $231,543 $233,646 $235,787 $237,969 $240,192 $242,456 $244,766 $247,117 $249,515 $136,315 $131,285 $132,598 $133,924 $135,264 $4,177,687




Most tax agreements in New York State--tax wind farms on the basis of real property. Bad idea! That's an invitation to a lawsuit because the IRS says that wind turbines are machinery---not real property. In Lewis County, that wind farm was assessed at $565 million. The developer asked the court to reduce that to $18.3 million. They argued that only the concrete base is taxable. The wind farm would have prevailed thanks to the IRS, so they reached an agreement out of court that was closer to what the developer wanted. Residents got screwed due to greed.

If Lincoln goes the dangerous real property taxation route, they need to include a clause that says 'If this agreement is found to be defective in court, the methodology for determining the fee shall be on the basis of the previous year's electricity production AND SHALL BE 150% HIGHER THAN THE REAL PROPERTY METHOD. IF THERE IS NO HISTORICAL PRODUCTION DATA, THE BASIS SHALL BE THE NAMEPLATE CAPACITY TIMES AN ESTIMATED 22% CAPACITY FACTOR BUT SHALL STILL BE 150% HIGHER THAN THE REAL PROPERTY METHOD'. By doing things this way, the developer has a disincentive to sue the town. If they sue, they will pay more. Story here and here. Also, here's a story that talks about a 20% tax hike to compensate for the developer's greed.



The Lincoln farm committee should be consulted regarding the environmental aspects of bat kills. Each bat eat 10,000 bugs a day. Without bats—bugs might feast on crops. Cornell could help. Here is a place to start. And here is another. Here is a national organization’s estimated potential loss for Madison County. The Amish should be included because they represent a large part of future local farming. The Amish do not use pesticides. They rely on nature.




In the map below you can see what a large footprint the Amish community has in the area of the proposed turbines. In addition to what they own, they lease seven other farms in Lincoln which are not shown in the map. The Amish are the future of farming in Lincoln. I've spoken to them multiple times recently. They're pissed! They do NOT use pesticide so they depend on bats to eat the bugs that destroy their crops. Giant turbines could be 1,000 feet from the Amish fields. The Amish are among the hardest working people anywhere who are at work from 4 in the morning past dark using horses and their bare hands. Farming is the #1 industry in Lincoln.



The Amish may be eligible to kill this project thanks to the NYS DEC's Environmental Justice (EJ) program. Part 487 of the law, electric generating facilities, is intended to enhance public participation and review of environmental impacts of proposed major electric generating facilities in environmental justice communities and reduce disproportionate environmental impacts in overburdened communities. EJ is intended for low income people at or below the poverty line. The Amish typically net $25k to $40k per year. The average Amish farm has 7 children. The poverty level for a family of nine is $47,850. The Amish population grew statewide by 65% from 2010 to 2018 whereas Madison County lost 2,500 people in that same time period. If the Amish of the Town of Lincoln are harmed, it will be a black eye on the entire state and reduce or reverse growth by the Amish. What Lincoln should be doing is incentivising all new farmers, not giving them more reasons to move from the second highest taxed state in the nation.




Also... Numerous farmers in Fairfield, NY joined a lawsuit against the Hardscrabble wind farm due to reduced milk production by their cows.


Another important aspect that the farm committee should consider is the effect of wind turbines on worms. Here is a video regarding worms.


The town board talked about a new alpaca farm  that's coming. The Fairfield lawsuit said that an alpaca farm there was suspended because of the effect of the turbines on the animals.


Live 1,200' from a turbine? You could see this up to 300 hours flicker per year.
2,700' away? You could see this 99 hours per year.

Above: Sample shadow flicker analysis. Not specific to Lincoln but we're working on obtaining that.

The World Health Organization reports that shadow flicker has the potential to induce photosensitive epilepsy seizures and that there is a correlation with depression. Shadow flicker can be observed even with closed eyelids. Most wind turbines provide for a braking shutdown by computer whenever a home is affected. It is suggested that the Town of Lincoln maintain a database listing the following: street number, street, days of years, times, and duration that a resident complains of shadow flicker. The wind farm shall program their computers to shutdown each turbine causing the shadow flicker until the problem has passed.

Smithfield (Madison County) has this law on the books:

  k.         No wind turbines will be located within eight (8) rotor hub heights (of the model of turbine used) of an existing residence unless either

  i.          Documentation based on accepted software designed for the purpose is  presented demonstrating that the residences would not be affected by seasonal shadow flicker (the casting of moving shadows by rotor blades at  certain predictable times of day and year), or 

            ii.          Applicant submits a legally binding agreement requiring the shutting down of the turbine or turbines casting the shadow flicker during the identified time periods of the identified days, for each year of operation, when residential shadow flicker would occur.

Most likely it was written by Lincoln's attorney since he is one and the same.



What should Lincoln officials be doing right now? The answer is that they should be rewriting the Town Land Management Law's wind turbine section to protect 1-Home values, 2-Peaceful enjoyment of those homes, 3-Protecting our town's farmers, and 4-Stopping developers from using obscene high intensity synchronized light that will be seen for 21 miles. The old law was written before people knew the negative consequences of wind farms. It's the board's job. The New York State Constitution’s “Bill of Rights for Local Governments” (Article IX, §2-10) obligates local legislators to protect the health, safety and well-being of their community.



The Town of Lincoln, Madison County, NY is considering granting permission to construct eight (8) wind turbines with two alternates in Smithfield. Currently there are forty seven wind turbines in Madison County. They are located is sparsely populated areas. However the Lincoln proposal is quite different.  Most homes will be 1,414 feet from a turbine on average. There are no 'comparable' wind farms in Madison County. But there is a very similar situation down the Thruway in Herkimer County.


At the Herkimer Thruway exit, to the north you can see the Hardscrabble Wind Farm in the Town of Fairfield. Fairfield has 561 homes compared to Lincoln's 663. Locals knew little about industrial wind in 2008 when a developer told the town board that the turbines would not have adverse impacts on Fairfield's homes. People trusted what the developer said and allowed the wind farm to be constructed. As soon as it was built, there was disaster and people learned what 'proper siting' means. Siting is a setback or distance between a turbine and a property line.

Average Fairfield setback: 2,307 feet

Average Lincoln setback: 1,414 feet (proposed)


It's far easier to insure proper setbacks prior to granting approval (through town board pressure or lawsuits) than it is to win a lawsuit against a wind company following construction. But that's exactly what happened in Fairfield. Residents sued the wind developer following construction. Here is the lawsuit. I encourage everyone to read it. Incidentally, the lawsuit was settled out of court. Each home received $2,000 which did not even cover their attorney fees.


The Fairfield wind farm cost $200 million to build (much of which was paid in government subsidies), makes $20 million per year in profits, and pays $90,000 or $2,432 per turbine a year in taxes thanks to a Herkimer County IDA deal. Below is the real cost to the community. It was taken from the pages of the lawsuit.


Millington Cole Rd, Fairfield 1,399 Sleep, sounds like a jet, ear ringing, migraines, nausea, noise, flicker, TV reception, cows less productive
Tomei 641 NY 170, Fairfield 1,433 Flicker, noise, property value
Hysack 444 Hardscrabble Rd, Fairfield 1,561 annoying noise
Salamone 820 Davis Rd, Fairfield 1,606 Hospitalized for tension headaches, panic, anxiety, dizziness, sleep, shadow flicker, imbalance, dissiness, ear ring, ear aches, stress, red lights, 
Consolazio 1621 State Route 170, Fairfield 1,622 View loss, TV reception, dog nervous & barking
Butcher 2062 Davis Rd, Fairfield 1,637 Sleep, constant turbine noise
Fuller 193 Teall Rd, Fairfield 1,708 Flickering, noise, TV reception, internet, cell phone, headaches, stress, obstructed view
Riesel 797 Davis Rd, Fairfield 1,856 BP, flicker, noise, 
Williams 845 Davis Rd, Fairfield 1,940 Shadow flicker, sleep, dogs bark, TV reception, child's school grades
Timmerman 1178 Davis Rd, Fairfield 2,043 Sleep, adds to military PTSD
Bunnelle 335 TeallRd 2,066 Loss of enjoyment
Tobin 883 Cole Road, Fairfield 2,186 Significant loss of use & enjoyment
Dillenbeck 706 Hardscrabble Rd, Fairfield 2,402 Stress, nervousness, sleep, noise, farm milk production down
Synakowski 296 Teall Rd, Fairfield 2,413 Noise, view, 
Baylor 216 Mayton Rd, Stark 2,589 Unable to sell home-moved-now bankrupt
Ashley 622 Davis Rd, Fairfield 2,613 Sleep, radio reception, well contamination
Hicks 414 Castle Rd, Fairfield 2,996 Noise, flickering
Depew 1398 Hardscrabble Rd, Fairfield 3,286 Ringing ears, anxiety, noise, loss of view, vibration
Ross 1100 RT 29, Fairfield 3,676 Bought vacant land but will not now invest in Fairfield 
Misura Dairy Hill Rd, Fairfield 4,246 Camp: Loss of wildlife (common complaint)
Gorinshek 166 Sandy Lane Rd, Fairfield 4,539 severe vertigo, red lights, 
Salamone 209 NY 170 4,562 Sounds like an airplane
Lamphere 857 Dairy Hill, Fairfield 4,902 Headaches & other health issues, reduced to part time work
Volpe 931 NY 170, Fairfield 4,991 Incessant noise, shadow flicker, stress, health problems, constant thumping
Wagner 475 Dise Road, Little Falls 5,106 Can not sell a $600,000 garden center due to the turbines
Bramer 924 State Route 170, Fairfield 5,378 Unable to sell, red lights at night, noise, dizziness, water contamination, daughter can not live there due to seizure disorder caused by flicker, in foreclosure
Scuderi 144 Rath Rd, Fairfield 5,520 Noise, flickering lights, TV reception, 
Marshall 1828 Hardscrabble Rd, Fairfield 7,418 BP, sounds like a jet, TV, cell phone
Abele Moved   Headaches, sleep, stress, cows less productive, 
Brauer Moved   Sleep, TV reception, 
Dager Moved   Medical issues
Dillenbeck Moved   Noise, dog nervous & barks
Gross Moved   noise, reflections
Harod Moved   intense migraines, sleep, noise, flicker
McAvoy Moved   Suspended alpaca farm due to noise effect on animals
Mosher Moved   Heart palpitations, anxiety, flicker, sediment in water
Sementilli Moved   Daughter had Central Auditory Processing Disorder so they sold
Douglas Moved   Property decline



The Fairfield, NY Hardscrabble wind farm was the last major wind project in New York State a decade ago. Many have been proposed but most have been shot down by aggressive Republican town supervisors. For example Supervisor Dan Engert runs the Town of Somerset on Lake Ontario. His town is identical to Lincoln in population. He budgeted $300,000 to fight industrial wind. Dan won. The wind developer terminated their application in April of 2019. At the other end of Lake Ontario, Republican John Culkin of Henderson fought against a proposal on Galloo Island. The project wasn't in John's town but he won anyway. That project's application was withdrawn in February of 2019 after the applicant was caught in lies by the NYS DEC. Dishonesty is unfortunate because we now have a few decades of history with wind farms. The effects of wind turbines can be proven in science. Science doesn't lie. Developers need to work honestly with communities within the parameters of science if they want support. 

Many town boards across the state are adopting wind zoning laws that reflect our current knowledge of the effects of wind turbines. It's their job. The New York State Constitution’s “Bill of Rights for Local Governments” (Article IX, §2-10) obligates local legislators to protect the health, safety and well-being of their community. Here's information on the Town of Richland's new ordinance. More info here.



Apex Clean Energy began the approval process for Lincoln years ago. One school district would not agree to forgoing school taxes. Apex has since taken down their web page concerning the Lincoln project.


Currently there is only one wind developer seeking approval from the Town of Lincoln. That party is Optimum Renewables of Iowa. They plan to install the tallest turbines ever constructed in New York State. In fact it's so tall that the FAA will require aircraft to increase altitude in this region. FAA: will increase the SYR MVA FUS3 2016 in Area C from 2,600 feet AMSL to 2,700 feet.


If town approval is granted, the eventual owner will be an Italian company, Building Energy dba Admiral Wind.  On January 9, 2018, Optimum applied to Lincoln for permission to construct a meteorological test tower (MET). We believe Optimum was in violation of New York State law at that time for failing to abide by New York State's Code of Conduct: Before the Wind Company presents or submits to a Municipality in any way, formally or informally, an initial application to install any meteorological tower....... shall make the following public disclosures in the following manner...... For more see COC below.


In July of 2018, Optimum told the Town of Lincoln Town Board that there will be five (5) towers on Whitman Road and each be four hundred ninety two (492) feet tall. That’s 200’ taller than the Fenner wind farm. They stated that each turbine will generate 4 megawatts (MW). In March of 2019 the number was scaled back to four (4) turbines according to Town Supervisor Yvonne Nirelli. Here's a video of Optimum's presentation.





Optimum's videotaped statements to the town board claiming that they will install only four or five turbines in Lincoln is troublesome. They told the federal government something else before and after approaching the Town of Lincoln. In February of 2017, they applied to the Federal Aviation Agency (FAA) for permission to to construct eight (8) turbines in Lincoln and two (2) in Smithfield. In November of 2017, the FAA granted their request. On March 28, 2019 the location of three turbines were moved slightly.  They applied to the FAA again in 2019 for further modifications.


In March of 2019 Optimum refield with the FAA for only six turbines which will be 500' and 3.3 MW.



So which is it? 4 turbines, 5, 8, 10?  Each unit produces 4 MW.

4 turbines-16 MW    per Town Supervisor Nirelli

5 turbines-20 MW    per Optimum's web site

25 MW New York State gets involved.

8 turbines-32 MW   Optimum's FAA application

10 turbines-40 MW Optimum's FAA application

6 turbines-20 MW   Optimum FAA application



Regardless of what Optimum does, they must abide by Town of Lincoln ordinances. Currently the town has only an antiquated woefully inadequate section concerning wind farms on page 36 of the 2011 Land Management Law.  Currently it is legal to install a 500 foot turbine within 750 feet of a home. That's insane now that more is known about the negative consequences of wind farms. Optimum told Lincoln four turbines which would produce 16 MW of power.


The New York State Siting Board could also get involved if the power production exceeds 25 MW.  It's possible that Optimum may complete the project in two phases. We asked the siting board for an opinion on whether or not Lincoln could hear phase one. They wrote: Staff would likely opine that the project you described, one in which 40 MW of new generation is ultimately proposed, would be subject to Article 10 rather than the State Environmental Quality Review Act. Any resident can ask the state to take over the review but Cuomo's Albany appointees are far less likely to be responsive to the wishes of Lincoln residents. Regardless, the town wind committee (if we ever get one) needs to work with the NYS Siting Board to determine the course should Optimum apply for more than four turbines.


Trust is especially important in projects that have such a enormous impact on the community. Every statement and every document must be scrutinized in great detail.


Note: Any application to the state can be searched here (none to date). Btw, Optimum spells Canastota "Cantastoda". Applications may be under Admiral Wind.


Step 1: Mandate ALL developers to sign the Code of Conduct or COC. It's the law!




Then NYS Attorney General Andrew Cuomo wrote the COC to prevent improprieties in New York in which politicians profited handsomely and failed to disclose their conflict of interest. The bottom line is that the process becomes transparent because lease agreements, so called Good Neighbor Agreements (essentially payments to neighbors in exchange for their silence), and nearly every other document or agreement is placed on the developer’s website. Apex signed the agreement in 2014. To my knowledge Optimum has not. Originally COCs were voluntary but are now required for farms in excess of 25 megawatts. Optimum applied to the FAA for ten (10) turbines which makes signing mandatory. Optimum told the Lincoln Town Board five or four turbines.




Wind Companies with wind farm development projects that are excluded from the Article 10 siting process pursuant to Public Service Law §§ 162(4)(b), (4)(c) or (4)(d) and have not voluntarily elected to become subject to its provisions pursuant to § 162(5), shall remain subject to the terms of the 2009 Code of Conduct for those wind farm development projects. 

See top of page 2.  





  • Bans wind companies from hiring municipal employees or their relatives, giving gifts of more than $15 during a one-year period, or providing any other form of compensation that is contingent on any action before a municipal agency;

  • Prevents wind companies from soliciting, using or knowingly receiving confidential information acquired by a municipal officer in the course of his or her officials duties;

  • Requires wind companies to establish and maintain a public website to disclose the names of all municipal officers or their relatives who have a financial stake in wind farm development;

  • Requires wind companies to submit in writing to the municipal clerk for public inspection and to publish in the local newspaper the nature and scope of the municipal officer’s financial interest;

  • Mandates that all wind easements and leases be in writing and filed with the county clerk; and

  • Dictates that within 90 days of signing the code of conduct, companies must conduct a seminar for employees about identifying and preventing conflicts of interest when working with municipal employees.



“Public officials throughout New York should encourage the growth of a strong, sustainable wind industry for the public good and not for their own private financial gain,” said Attorney General Eric Schneiderman. “The revised code of conduct announced today will help ensure greater transparency and limit the potential for corruption and unfair outside influence, thereby fostering the growth of a responsible renewable energy industry throughout our state.” Example of a COC here




Lincoln Councilman Doug Fusillo's company, CCI Construction of Canastota, appears to have the expertise required to construct the foundations for this $30 million project. This is another reason for Nirelli to obey state law. If his company is under consideration to be a contractor, the public should know and he should abstain from voting on wind farm approvals.


Step 2: Enact a 6 month moratorium, appoint a wind committee, then enact wind laws.




One of the world's preeminent scientists  specializing in wind farms is John Droz.  Droz has volunteered to speak before Town of Lincoln boards and residents.  His website is Here are the top four items that he believes should be the key aspects of a wind ordinance.


— The Ordinance’s Key Regulations —


A well-written Property Value Guarantee

1 Mile Setbacks from Turbines to Property Lines

A 35 dBA Acoustical Limit 24/7 at Property Lines

   Optimum proposed an unacceptable 50 dba limit

Meaningful Environmental Tests

Adequate Decommissioning Terms and Conditions




 The following is in addition to Droz's recommendations


Madison County 911 microwave: The county has a 911 link between the county office building and the Mutton Hill tower. Wind turbines interfere with radio frequency (RF) phase and amplitude. The signal passes the proposed turbine locations by only hundreds of feet. The 911 coordinator or 911 committee needs to refer the matter to the microwave system vendor (most likely Motorola) or a consultant. Optimum should be billed for this service under Lincoln's 'Tyre Law'. Unfortunately RF software modeling does not always accurately predict outcomes. As a result, a consultant is likely to specify a large setback especially due to the importance of the microwave's traffic.


493' to center. Less to Freznel zone


Radio wave fresnel zone. Notice how much wider it is in the center.


According to Madison County Public Safety meeting minutes in 2017, the existing system does not have a high margin to begin with: According to Hartnett, the Madison County Department of Solid Waste and Recycling facilities on Buyea Road in the town of Lincoln is interrupting communications between towers located at the County Office Building in Wampsville and Mutton Hill Road south of the landfill. “We don’t know whether we’re going to have to raise one tower or both of them,” Hartnett said. “The signal is hitting the dirt up there and skipping.” I think the radio consultant should review the landfill plan to study the height issue,” Ball said.



Wind farm turbine blades interfere with radar including NOAA weather forecasting, WSYR TV weather forecasting, navigation, and military. With regard to civilian navigation, the FAA previously determined in Optimum's application: The proposed turbine would have a physical and/or electromagnetic radiation effect upon the QXU ARSR-4 (Remsen Star Hill) and the SYR (Syracuse airport) ASR-9 radar facilities. The proposal will affect the quality and/or availability of the QXU ARSR-4 and the SYR ASR-9 facilities. However the FAA went on to contradict themselves saying the towers would not have a 'significant adverse impact' at those two sites.


NOAA Weather Radar: When the Fenner wind farm was built, the Cheektowaga (Buffalo), NY radar center noticed pixilations or 'scatter' on their radar. They sent out a helicopter to investigate. They discovered the new Fenner wind farm. Following that unanticipated event, NOAA suggested that host communities and developers work closely with NOAA at the earliest possible time. The Lincoln Wind Committee will work with NOAA. It is a matter of public safety.


Goff Road Smithfield (1.2 mi from a turbine proposed by Optimum) where four people died July 9, 2014


A Cheektowaga National Weather Service radar engineer said of the deadly Smithfield 2014 tornado: Destructive tornados are a concern. Radar software can easily filter out buildings, cell towers, mountain ridges and other stationary objects on radar screens. But because weather radar seeks motion to warn of storms, there is no way to filter out the spinning blades. In the meantime, it is trying to educate developers and communities about the problem.


"I think a lot of people in New York have the sense that they don't get this kind of weather here," Meterologist Drew Montreuil said. "People should realize it does happen here."


The Smithfield tornado was a 'spin up' type. They're harder to spot on radar. The radar that scans Central New York is located at the Binghamton airport (60 miles), Cheektowaga (150 miles), and in Montague (50 miles) in northern New York. The visual and radar radio horizon is 22 miles. Tall mountains and man made towers on mountains can be seen farther away by radar. Binghamton's radar peers into the sky at a 0.5-degree angle. Add that to the curvature of the earth, Watson said, and by the time that radar beam crosses Madison County it's several thousand feet in the air. WSYR TV channel 9 promotes their Doppler radar saying "Closer is better" which is true. Binghamton and Montague's radar is well beyond the radio horizon so ground based 'spin up' tornadoes are difficult to detect until tunnel clouds reach the upper atmosphere. However WSYR TV's radar is only 16 miles away which is well inside the radio horizon where spin up clouds can be detected. Unless one relies on channel 9 exclusively 24 x 7, tornadoes can go undetected. However, WSYR's radar has problems of it's own. The Fenner wind farm interferes.


Following the Smithfield disaster, Cuomo visited Smithfield and said: "We don't get tornadoes in New York; anyone will tell you that, right? Well now we do. This new normal is a challenge for government, first responders, and any citizen in this state." “The property damage we can repair,” he said. “Unfortunately, there is other damage done no one can repair.” Cuomo then spent millions to implement a statewide weather network named Mesonet. There are weather stations in Morrisville, Westmoreland, and Brookfield. It makes no sense that the impetus for the statewide network was the Smithfield disaster yet Cuomo did not require weather monitoring in the Smithfield-Lincoln area. Some claim that Mesonet is nothing more than a political feel good tool since it isn't automatically integrated into NOAA's NWS CAP (National Weather Service Common Alert Protocol).


This existing Madison County public safety problem is compounded exponentially when wind turbines are added to the mix. Wind turbines cause significant interference to radar.


Wind farm interference to radar


·        Thunderstorm or winter storm characteristics could be masked or misinterpreted, reducing warning effectiveness in the vicinity of, and downrange of the wind farm.

·        False signatures contaminating Doppler velocity data in the vicinity and downrange of the wind energy facility could reduce forecaster's situational awareness, particularly during hazardous/severe weather events.

·        Data masking or contamination if thunderstorms develop over the wind farm may negatively impact warning effectiveness.

·        False precipitation estimates could negatively impact flash-flood warning effectiveness.


Here's a video that is a primer on radar interference caused by wind turbines. The video also discusses stealth composite turbine blades being used to reduce interference. Even with those measures in place, a tornado below 7,000 feet in altitude, would still remain undetected by NOAA and Mesonet. WSYR TV's radar is the ONLY system capable of detecting such a tornado. However, Optimum's wind turbines would most likely render even that system useless.


Optimum needs to work with Vestas (the wind turbine manufacturer) to specify stealth composite blades and with New York State's Mesonet and NOAA to find solutions. Vestas brand allows for shutdown of a turbine by remote computer control. When weather is severe or predicted to be severe, the farm can be idled. A better solution is for Optimum to hire a company named Pager Power as a consultant. Pager Power specified a 'fill-in radar' system in England. The cost of such a system should be solely borne by Optimum. Here's a video by Pager Power.





The Stockbridge Experimentation and Test Facility on Burleson Road is a world class facility providing a truly unique capability to support real world, outdoor and tactical edge experimentation for a wide range of technologies. Our certification by the FAA provides us with the ability to conduct airborne testing utilizing our fleet of SUAS (drones) providing the ability for controlled experiments in a dynamic environment. This infrastructure supports the cost effective testing and development of technologies envisioned for use in ground based and/or airborne configurations. We defend America by unleashing the unconquerable power of scientific and technical innovation. The facility is used primarily to obtain antenna patterns and to perform isolation measurements on full size tactical aircraft such as the F-35, F-22, A-10, F-15, F-16, various helicopters (Blackhawk/Seahawk), remotely piloted aircraft (RPAs) sections of the B-1B, KC-135, C-130, and future aircraft prototypes. Other types of systems such as ground vehicles, specialized aircraft, and satellites are also evaluated in accordance with the needs of their specific programs.

    Rome Labs test site at the Oneida-Lincoln town line


This link shows that the Stockbridge site is where it is because it is in an electromagnetically quiet zone. From above, we know that wind turbines interfere with radar. From above, the FAA said: The proposed turbine would have a physical and/or electromagnetic radiation effect on radar. The Lincoln Wind Committee needs to have Rome Labs determine the extent to which the proposed turbines will impact Rome labs mission. Rome Labs provides 1,200 local jobs and $400 million in the local economy. A retired Lab engineer told us that if any part of the Lab's mission is weakened, BRAC (base closing commission) will use it as justification to move the lab as BRAC has attempted to do previously



In 2010, defense contractor Northrup Grumman complained about solar and wind facilities encroaching on it's Kern County California radar test site. Fifteen engineers did exactly the same kind of work there as Rome Lab engineers do at Stockbridge. Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger fought FOR the wind and solar facility and Northrup Grumman was forced to shut down. The Stockbridge site is tied to Rome Labs. A recently retired Rome Labs engineer said: "BRAC has told you time and again they want to move the lab. You don't give them (BRAC) ANY reason to move. Stockbridge is there because it's a quiet zone. If any part of Rome Lab's operation is compromised, they'll be gone in a heartbeat". Black River Systems is an over the horizon radar systems defense contractor working with Rome Labs. One of it's engineers said: "You have no idea how important Stockbridge is to the Air Force. We'll lose jobs (at BRS) and there are many other contractors out there in the same boat". Rome Labs impact on the region is: 2,571 JOBS AND $.5 BILLION IN THE LOCAL ECONOMY. The Lincoln Wind Committee must get an official determination of the impact on Rome Labs/Stockbridge.


The Lincoln Wind Committee needs to ask if there will be any impact on the drone corridor: ROME, N.Y. — Moving the drone testing program in Rome forward even more, Gov. Andrew Cuomo Thursday announced that NASA is pairing with the Northeast UAS (drone) Airspace Integration Research Alliance (NUAIR). Rome was chosen as one of six federal test sites for unmanned aircraft systems out of 50 applicants nationwide.  As a result, today it "stands at the epicenter of the UAS industry," according to a news release from Sen. Charles Schumer's office. UAS means unmanned aircraft system. State Sen. Joseph Griffo, R-Rome, said the partnership with NASA will help create jobs and boost economic development in the region, which will "further strengthen" the Mohawk Valley's position as a leader in innovation and technology — a role Assemblyman Anthony Brindisi, D-Utica, said the region has held "since the days of the Erie Canal."  The State has already invested more than $4.7 billion in the region since 2012 to lay the groundwork for private investment that will incentivize private business to invest well over $2.5 billion - and the region's plan, as submitted, projects up to 5,900 new jobs. Quick video here.


Optimum said they will use Vestas brand turbines.

Vestas safety manual: It is indefensible, from a safety perspective alone, to specify in a wind ordinance designed to protect the public health, safety, and welfare a setback that is less than 1,640 feet.

Vestas has documented 'throws' of 1,600 feet. It's important to note that the 1,640 foot setback that Vestas recommends, is for a 300 foot model V90, not the 500 foot monsters planned for Lincoln. Simple interpolations suggests the proper setback in Lincoln should be much greater.

Vestas provides heaters to melt ice. The town should mandate such heaters and require a restricted zone in excess of 1,640 feet. Optimum currently plans to install turbines within the Vestas falling parts-ice throw distance. Fourty (40) homes of the 51 total will be affected.

Note: Droz recommends a one (1) mile setback from property lines based on 64 scientific studies. Regardless of placement, snowmobilers and hunters should be kept in excess of 1,640' from each tower. Here is a video showing the reasons for such a restriction.

One of several turbines and homes within the 1,640 foot area that the manufacturer says: is indefensible, from a safety perspective alone, to specify in a wind ordinance designed to protect the public health, safety, and welfare a setback that is less than 1,640 feet. One home is 850' away from a 500' tower.

Definition of insanity? Placing a turbine 1,973' from a quarry that dynamites weekly!



Fenner turbines collapsed TWICE due to problems with concrete bases. So does it make sense to put a 500' to 750' turbine only 1,973' from an active quarry that dynamites regularly?


6034 Chapman Rd 790   4412 Whitman Rd 1376
4451 Whitman Rd 791   5992 Chapman Rd 1380
4549 Whitman Rd 803   4572 Whitman Rd 1383
5981 Chapman Rd 870   4398 Whitman Rd 1387
4514 Whitman Rd 919   4441 Whitman Rd 1410
4566 Whitman Rd 987   4313 Whitman Rd 1497
4576 Whitman Rd 998   4616 Whitman Rd 1497
6025 Chapman Rd 1014   6307 Old County Rd 1504
6471 Old County Rd 1083   ? Old County Rd 1513
6034 Whitman Rd 1096   ? Old County Rd 1516
5960 Chapman Rd 1105   6321 Old County Rd 1524
4384 Whitman Rd 1151   4596 Whitman Rd 1553
? Old County Rd 1152   4606 Whitman Rd 1560
4448 Whitman Rd 1154   6387 Old County Rd 1611
4470 Whitman Rd 1156   4611 Whitman Rd 1676
4478 Whitman Rd 1156   4627 Whitman Rd 1826
4581 Whitman Rd 1156   4183 Whitman Rd 1840
4442 Whitman Rd 1159   4645 Whitman Rd 1902
6455 Old County Rd 1175   6347 Old County Rd 1970
4418 Whitman Rd 1177   4653 Whitman Rd 2001
4460 Whitman Rd 1192   6602 Old County Rd 2011
4380 Whitman Rd 1195   ? Old County Rd 2189
4229 Whitman Rd 1289   4167 Whitman Rd 2196
6433 Old County Rd 1289   4152 Whitman Rd 2315
4390 Whitman Rd 1324   4125 Whitman Rd 2892
  6020 Chapman Rd 1341        






During SEQR, viewshed effects often only take into account historic preservation even though wind towers can be seen for more than 21 miles. In some areas of the United States, property has been devalued by 80%. In other places, realtors have been unable to get offers at any price. A complete property devaluation study needs to be done by a competent professional chosen by the Lincoln Wind Committee---NOT THE DEVELOPER. SEQR regulations specifically require and demand strong and effective mitigation measures by the applicant in order to protect the public welfare and residents rights.


A real estate agent in Pennsylvania is heard on this video saying that some properties declined by 80%. is the Encyclopedia Britannica for the wind industry. Here's their links to articles on home devaluation. And basics by the website's owner. Here's another case of 80% devaluation.


Homes three miles from wind farms lost 26%.



One of the most important aspects of a wind farm is the infrasound that it produces.  Infrasound is a low frequency vibration caused by wind turbines. Medical symptoms include: sleep disturbance, headaches, tinnitus, ear pressure, dizziness, nausea, visual blurring, rapid heart rate (tachycardia), irritability, concentration problems, memory problems, panic episodes, and quivering. Dr. Droz believes a 35 dba sound limit should reduce these symptoms.


A German study showed that infrasound is transmitted as far as 12 miles. A well driller who is familiar with Lincoln said that the Whitman Road area is bedrock and pointed to the quarry as an example. The studies that Droz cited should take priority but here is a video that explains the problem.




  • headaches

  • sleep problems

  • night terrors or learning disabilities in children

  • ringing in the ears (tinnitus)

  • mood problems (irritability, anxiety)

  • concentration and memory problems

  • issues with equilibrium, dizziness and nausea


The United Nations ISO Committee requires 25 dba standards outside a home. Optimum proposes a much louder 50 dba standard.  More info on infrasound can be found here.
Note: Hearing is measured in decibel (db). Measurement is complicated but a 25 db increase is roughly 18 times louder.



Wind turbines cause interference to TV reception, cell phones, and wireless internet. In most cases, the interference can be mitigated by using sophisticated antennas. Residents must not bear the cost of correcting the interference caused by the wind developer. The developer should pay 100% of the cost.


Most antennas are not very directional if at all. Turbine blades reflect signals. The reflection varies in amplitude and phase with the position of the blades. The desired signal is mixed with the undesired reflection and may alternately add or subtract from the desired signal causing interference. Using a highly directional antenna may cure some problems. However when four antennas are used in a so called quad stack array, the effect is similar to a horse with blinders. Undesired signal rejection is high. Installed cost should be less than $500 per home.


Cell phone & wireless internet can also use quad stacks but an active device is also required to retransmit the signal within the affected home. A repeater adds between $500 and $900 to the cost.


The developer should be prepared to pay $2,000 per home to correct this problem that they will create. Not only will this be a problem in the Whitman-Old County Road area but it should be expected in the Creek Road area. Creek Road is lower in elevation which translates to lower signal levels. Low signal levels are more easily subject to interference. The developer should be required to post a $500,000 bond to mitigate this problem that they will create.  250 homes (upper estimate) x $2,000 = $500,000. 25 (low estimate) x $2,000 = $50,000.


Satellite TV interference will be a problem from Chapman Road east since TV satellites are roughly located in the southwest at 227 to 241 degrees azimuth and 27 to 34 degrees elevation. There are mobile phone APPS for residents to determine the effect. Spectrum will be wiring the Whitman-Old County Road area in 2020. However many people prefer satellite due to more sports coverage. Optimum must come up with a plan that allows affected homes to continue to receive satellite reception. One option is for Optimum to install a SMATV distribution system.



Complete sound specifications of the chosen turbine is required. Vestas brand turbines only specify typically 104 dba. That is insufficient. The frequencies and distance at which the measurement is taken must be supplied. Unweighted (db) must also be supplied. Infrasound occurs below 20 hertz. DBA measurements are attenuated by 35 decibel or 7,160 times making a loud noise seem benign.



Upon receipt of a complaint of noise, the Town of Lincoln shall hire a sound consultant to determine if turbine noise exceeds 35 dba audible at a property line, and 22 dba subaudible within a residence. Optimum will be billed under Lincoln's "Tyre Law". If these limits are exceeded, the affected turbine shall be shut down until a resolution is found.



Optimum must show that nesting birds or protected species will not be disturbed per NYS DEC requirements. Farmers in the area say there are bald eagles present. Bald eagles are a protected species. The DEC said that a study will be required that could take a year to complete.



New York State law requires wind siting to be a public transparent process that encourages public participation. Residents have a First Amendment right to participate in all Town of Lincoln (and other) meetings to discuss Optimum's proposal. Optimum told the town board (videotaped) that they would be getting residents in the area to sign so called Good Neighbor agreements. Good Neighbor agreements are seen by many as a bribe for one's silence. The town attorney should draft an agreement with Optimum that states that any existing and future agreements clauses that restrict public participation in the siting process will be waived by Optimum as a condition of moving forward. This should be non-negotiable. Optimum should be required to mail a copy to each party that has a contract with Optimum.


For $500 down and $500 per year, a typical Good Neighbor Agreement protects the wind farm from residents complaining about: audio, visual, view, light, shadow flicker, vibration, air turbulence, wake, electromagnetic, ice, or other weather created hazards or other effects of any kind whatsoever resulting directly or indirectly from the operation of the Wind Farm.



Unfortunately Washington lobbyists convinced the FAA to allow wind turbine night lighting to be synchronized. All ten towers will flash on and off at the same time. It is highly objectionable. Red lights are off longer than they are on and mar the landscape. It's akin to a lightning flash and is very distracting. However traditional incandescent lighting has served the aviation industry well for more than a century. Traditional lighting is on more than it is off and turn on gradually then off gradually. Sync'd light are so objectionable that any developer's application should be dismissed if they do not support traditional incandescent. Cost differences are insignificant. The FAA requires remote monitoring and FAA notification (NOTAM) of any lamp failure regardless of the type.



Optimum's FAA paperwork shows they want to use the objectionable sync'd lighting.



Fortunately FAA Advisory Circular 70/7460-1, allows for some discretion in choosing wind farm obstruction lighting saying: This AC  (advisory circular) does not constitute a regulation and, in general, is not mandatory.  All wind farm applicants shall follow the following guidelines and shall notify the Town of Lincoln in writing, thirty days  prior to tendering a formal application to the FAA. A copy of the FAA application shall be provided to the town prior to submission so the town can provide supporting material to the FAA to be considered with the application.


The Whitman-Old County Road area of Lincoln has several miles of roads and over fifty homes. Synchronized LED type lighting is highly objectionable. The Fenner wind farm is one example. The lighting is a distraction.


Within the Town of Lincoln, only incandescent lighting should be permitted. Incandescent has a slow attack and slow delay which makes it less offensive. White strobe lighting is not permitted. Synchronized lighting is not permitted except for same tower synchronization where more than a single level is required to be lit. Only the minimum allowable light emission shall be used.


Light emitting diode lamps have been shown to be a hazard to navigation when airmen use night vision goggles (NVGs).  FAA: Because LEDs have a relatively narrow emission band and do not emit infrared energy like incandescent lights, it is possible for them to meet FAA requirements for Aviation Red but be below the range in which NVGs are sensitive.


Synchronized lighting has not been well studied since World War 2 especially with respect to flashing LED lighting. Wikipedia: Flicker vertigo, sometimes called the Bucha effect, is "an imbalance in brain-cell activity caused by exposure to low-frequency flickering (or flashing) of a relatively bright light." It is a disorientation-, vertigo-, and nausea-inducing effect of a strobe light flashing at 1 Hz to 20 Hz, approximately the frequency of human brainwaves. The effects are similar to seizures caused by epilepsy (in particular photosensitive epilepsy), but are not restricted to people with histories of epilepsy. This phenomenon has been observed during helicopter flight; a Dr. Bucha identified the phenomenon in the 1950s when called upon to investigate a series of similar and unexplained helicopter crashes.


In addition, an aircraft detection lighting system (ADLS) should be mandated. ADLS uses radar to detect approaching aircraft. FAA rules require the lights to turn on when the aircraft is four miles away.  More here Here's an ad from Vestas for such a system.



Optimum Renewables is a small developer from Iowa where they installed turbines in violation of town ordinances. The courts ordered removal of the illegal turbines and when they didn't, the court issued a contempt of court ruling. Iowa county government had problems with them also. A radio station there wrote:


Optimum Renewables withdrew several applications after encountering strong opposition from property owners at several locations in Black Hawk, Buchanan and Fayette counties.

Here’s a list of Delaware County, Iowa County Government phone numbers. (563) 927-2515 is the board of supervisor’s number.



Optimum's mailing address is 3311 100th Street Suite 42456, Urbandale, Iowa. Suite 42456 is actually a post office box. The owner will be Building Energy who is also small. There's nothing wrong with being a small company. But the big fish eat the little fish. The wind industry flips wind farms like kids trade baseball cards. Warren Buffet said it makes no sense to get into this business except to get government tax credits. An online article about another Optimum-Building Energy project said that part of the financing includes giving banks tax credits.



Most big fish would have nothing to do with Lincoln. In fact the developer who built Fenner decades ago had a test meteorological tower here and said Lincoln is not worth bothering with due to the low wind speed. From the map below, you can see that Smithfield is more valuable to a big fish due to it's higher terrain being hundreds of feet higher. As long as taxpayers keep adding to the national and state debt with corporate welfare such as wind farms, people will continue to build these eyesores. There's about 4,700 acres in Smithfield suitable for wind farms. 1,500 turbines could be built there.


Lincoln is valuable to wind developers because: 1-No wind farm zoning and 2-Access to the grid.


        Smithfield-not Lincoln-will be the major selling point to a big fish when this project is sold. 


1,500 wind turbines could be built in Smithfield  


Also............ Optimum had FAA approval for eight turbines in Lincoln for years. 30 days after we contacted Nirelli (see politics above) the number went down to 6. It's highly likely that the board will receive a request for more turbines if approval is granted. 



The town is considering a committee to advise them on issues such as wind farms. Most committees are usually nothing more than 'feel good' committees where governmental entities have already decided matters and appoint members to a committee for the sole purpose of endorsing their decisions.


I went to a selectman town meeting in Maine once. Every resident that walks through the door becomes a member of the town selectmen committee automatically. There is no chair. Everyone has an equal say and an equal vote. This is said to be the purest form of government. This is what Lincoln should shoot for. There is a second reason for doing so. Nirelli said the committee will include members of both the town board and the planning board. The NYS DOS has a page (that I can't find at the moment) that warns governments against having officials serve in more than one capacity due to potential conflicts of interest. If a lawsuit results, later votes of town officials in their official capacity can be challenged in court. If they have only 1 vote out of 20, their influence would most likely be inconsequential. However, if one official makes a statement such as: "I will make damn sure this never gets past our board", that is undue influence. In jurisprudence, undue influence is an equitable doctrine that involves one person taking advantage of a position of power over another person. This inequity in power between the parties can vitiate one party's consent as they are unable to freely exercise their independent will.


The committee will not be making laws. They will be making recommendations. Therefore no appointments are necessary.                         



NY Town official regrets his support for a wind farm. A poor Sheldon Town Law, designed by the wind company, states that the turbine sounds should not exceed 50dBA at the property line.  Note: 50 dba is insane. 35 dba should be mandated. That did sound reasonable at the time.  Then we find out that one house is reporting 70dBA at it owner’s residence.  However, this is not violation of the law as it was written (at the property line), and now the wind farm is grandfathered and there is no recourse against them even if the law were rewritten.  Turbine location is very critical, as the sound travels at unpredicted distances and it is delivered by the wind.


Title 10, Section 2684a of the United States Code authorizes the Department of Defense to form agreements with non-federal governments or private organizations to limit encroachments and other constraints on military training, testing, and operations by establishing buffers around installations. Lincoln land owners could get a check from the federal government for NOT renting to developers.


Photos of Fenner were produced prior to construction: "People were interested in how the turbines would look within their local landscape," said Mary McCann of GE Wind Energy. "So computer simulated photos were created in advance to show how they would appear in the local setting. The simulation enabled the community to better see and understand just how the turbines blend into the landscape." Durhamville considered a cell phone tower application. The developer was required to launch a tethered balloon at the location of the tower equal to the tower's height. Residents received a post card via snail mail telling them of the date and time of the launch as well as the date and time of a public hearing on it. Lincoln should consider the same.


Post Standard: 113-foot blade falls off windmill that previously toppled in Madison County Also Fenner windmill fire.


Decommissioning: Here’s a highlight of a Daily News article on the old Stone Road Town of Madison, NY seven tower farm. There is a good chance Madison County, NY will end up owning seven aging, obsolete wind towers that developers have made good money on at taxpayers’ expense. If that happens, the county, yet to see a dime, might be the first decommissioners of an old wind farm in the state. Nobody is taking them down probably because, like Madison County, some slicked-back corporate con man skinned local officials right out of their shorts with promises of revenue and green power. It was a good deal for some, but for the people it was the Big Con.


DOD 2016: Certain sites extremely close to radar systems, where a wind facility might dominate the radar picture, or in a few areas around the country where pristine electromagnetic environments are required for unique military testing or training activities, wind development may simply not be viable.


Land usage: Fenner uses approximately 150 acres per turbine. Optimum proposes to use 53 acres per turbine.


Cuomo: Imposing physically impossible emissions reductions goals will drive out business and industry. It will make energy unaffordable, leading to even greater population loss as people head for the exits.


One source says for a 104 dba noise source to acheive 35 dba at a property line, a minimum of 3,926' separation is required. That is 74% of the one mile standard. We know that 2,307' is insufficient from Fairfield's Hardscrabble lesson.




One Job will be created in Lincoln. In reality 0 jobs will likely be created because turbine manufacturer Vestas has an office in the Town of Madison.


The 20 turbine Fenner wind farm employs one person and has two subcontractors available.  Optimum proposes 8 turbines. Source: Madison County IDA




Wind farms produce 97% profit. Labor cost is insignificant. However the cranes and other equipment to maintain turbines is expensive. For that reason many developers subcontract the work. The world's largest turbine manufacturer is Vestas who has an office in the Town of Madison and does this kind of work from there.



Vestas: Multibrand service means the ability of one service provider to maintain wind turbines manufactured by different OEMs. If your fleet consists of wind turbines from more than one OEM, a multibrand service provider can serve as one single partner and one single point of contact to help you maintain and repair your fleet and optimize your turbine investment.


This wind farm should pay millions in taxes. 63% of Lincoln town taxes $1.25 of $2.2 mil) should be paid for by the developer. Nearby Westmoreland, NY eliminated property taxes through it's sales tax revenue. If our town is destroyed, the least these companies should do is to pay their taxes. Good luck selling the town on that. Nirelli wants them to pay only $11,000 in some years.


State Comptroller Thomas DiNapoli recently reported that tax exemptions by NYS’s Industrial Development Agencies (IDAs) were not creating jobs and “shifting tax burdens” from mega-corporations to local residents.


A judge in Maryland ruled that the possible benefits of a proposed 17-turbine project did "not justify or offset subjecting the local community to the adverse impacts that will result from the wind project's construction and operation."


New York State's last coal burning generator will convert to natural gas in 2019.


If you visit a wind farm, do it in winter. Turbines are far louder in winter. This family built a winter home at the other end of town just to get away from a wind farm in winter.



Bill Gates is behind a company called Terrapower. Currently only 1% of uranium is used in nuclear plants. Terrapower will use 100%. Gates says that it will produce enough energy for the life of the planet.


Fusion is another. Fusion will eliminate practically every source of electricity except for hydro. MIT says their reactor will be ready in 10 to 15 years. There’s another unit on the west coast, in Germany, and in France. China will most likely win this race due to their heavy investment in it thanks to their smog. They have 300 scientists per building in a large campus. Fusion does not use uranium. It uses common earth minerals. The spent fuel can be disposed of in a garden because it is not radioactive and is tiny in volume. Wind, oil, petroleum, and nuclear can then be retired.


A large amount of electric is lost in transmission. PASNY (Power Authority of the State of New York) replaced 22 miles from their Marcy substation heading south. 440 megawatts was reclaimed. That’s more than what 146 wind turbines produce and best of all no natural gas backup generators are needed. There is 1,400 miles of high voltage ‘grid’ lines in the state most of which needs replacing. Fusion will eliminate the need for large transmission grids because the reactor will be local.


Cuomo floated a trial balloon suggesting wind may be allowed in the Adirondack Park. A much better choice would be to allow more hydro sources in the park. There are hundreds of great locations for hydro outside the park. For example, Delta Dam has had federal licensees in the past but no one ever built there. Hydro doesn’t require backup sources of generation. Also a hydro plant on the West Canada Creek in Herkimer is idle because they don't receive massive subsidies like wind does.


The Lyonsdale wood chip plant on the Black River provided hundreds of jobs to loggers. It’s shut down now because they aren't subsidized like wind is. Subsidizing wood as wind is subsidized, would put many back to work.


Ontario has one million lakes and several thousand rivers where new hydro could be added. A new cable is being laid down the Hudson from Canada to NYC. NYC politicians do NOT want more generating facilities downstate.




Click here for the Indiana Study above.





Wise Energy  The 'Bible' full of studies from independent sources such as devaluation, setbacks, and on and on <==========Bookmark


Google Earth .kmz file to view tower locations  You must have Google Earth installed.


Living 1,600 feet from a turbine


Voices of Tug Hill  People in Lewis County share their experience.


Health effects of low frequency turbine infrasound


 Windfall the movie shows how a community was torn apart in 2010 when a small town near Oneonta got wind farms.


Wind drives electric prices up

Wind Watch


Infrasound by Dr. Pereira

Harvard study finds that wind turbines create MORE global warming than the fossil fuels they eliminate

A Madison County (Iowa) Cardiologist comments on adverse health effects


Video: Get Out While You Can


Pollution caused by wind turbines


NYS Bird & Bat studies


Former Oklahoma Governor says wind farms turned out to be a mistake      Text here


Easy to understand video on wind farm negatives


More employers will leave New York thanks to Cuomo


World Health Organization 35 dba recomendation


Realtor refuses to list homes near turbines citing 'a waste of money advertising homes near turbines' Some property was abandoned including in nearby Fairfield.


Different setbacks for inhabited structures have been proposed, depending on whether the inhabited structure belonged to a landowner who is leasing land to the wind project. Again this distinction has no bearing on public health and safety, and should therefore not be allowed. In other words, if 1,6400 feet is necessary to protect one citizen, it is necessary for all citizens, whether or not they are receiving lease payments. (Source-8/27/04 State Model Wind Ordinance)


Addison-In the document dated January 11, 2004 (Subject: Addison Wind Energy LLCUP-For the Record; Ice throw & More Questions about Foth & Dyke’s 2/6/02 and 7/25/03 Ice Throw/Blade Throw Reports and Scott Ainsworth Testimony); there are industry standard accepted equations for determining the distance of ice throws. Based on these equations and the size of the proposed wind turbines (100 meter hub height, 43 meter blade length, 3-19 rpm operating speed, angle of 38 degrees), the

ice throws could range from 131 feet at 3rpm to 2,836 feet at 19 rpm.

The tip of the blades will be traveling at approximately 200 mph at 19 rpm.


Madison got screwed


6 turbines will power only 1,875 homes (based on this math)

  Wyoming County Residents regret trusting developers Noise at 1,600' Reducing bird deaths        


   Droz video 1 Droz video 2          


  Town Board 6-19                


Nirelli's cell phone: 315.264.8552    Nirelli's email:

Saying no to wind happens all the time: A $300 million wind farm will not be coming to DeWitt County, Illinois. The DeWitt County Board voted 6-5 with one abstention Thursday night against a special-use permit from Tradewind Energy. The vote was taken after a two-hour meeting before a crowd of about 300 people at Clinton High School. Part of the reason for rejecting the project was that weather radar would be affected---just as it will in Lincoln, NY. Board member Terry Ferguson said he had concerns about the issues with weather forecasting after hearing testimony from 31-year DeWitt County resident Don Waddell, who holds a bachelor's degree in physics and is a member of the American Meteorological Society. Waddell said his research showed turbines could disrupt indicators of severe weather for Doppler radar based at the National Weather Service facility.



Here's a complete list of good things about wind farms: None.


People believe that wind will save the planet. It will not. US Department of Energy stats show that the Fenner wind farm produced energy about 18% of the time. One summer it went five weeks producing no energy according to a worker. That means that conventional natural gas fired backup plants were online 82% of the time. Your car gets bad mileage in start and stop traffic and contributes to pollution. Gas fired electrical backup generators do the same-causing increased emissions.


Wind turbines are made of rare earth minerals from China. The smelting process creates extensive pollution. A wind turbine's life is typically 15 to 20 years. The pollution given off in their manufacture takes seven (7) years to break even from a pollution standpoint. At the end of their life, they are usually shipped to Africa and placed in the desert. However when the Fenner's original turbines were removed, the Madison County dump accepted them. The phrase 'Clean Energy' is a misnomer. In China, the processing of rare earth minerals for one wind farm alone generates:  (1)-60,000 square meters of vegetation destruction, (2)-18 million cubic meters of air pollution, (3)-86 million gallons of polluted water, (4)-1.8 billion pounds of tailing sand, and (4)-300,000 pounds of radioactive waste. Here's a video on it.


Building one wind turbine requires 900 tons of steel, 2,500 tons of concrete and 45 tons of nonrecyclable plastic. When Fenner replaced their turbines in January of 2019, parts of 18 turbines ended up in the Madison County dump. Below is a photo of a Wyoming dump full of turbines.




DUMB: TRULY 100% CLEAN ENERGY GETS SCREWED BY WIND  Because the grid must continuously balance supply and demand, the grid must reduce the supply from somewhere else when the wind rises enough to start generating power. Hydropower is the most likely source to be reduced, because it can be switched on and off the most readily. Some natural gas plants can also switch on and off quickly (though at a cost of efficiency, i.e., burning more fuel). Otherwise, the output from fuel-burning plants is ramped down or it is switched from generation to standby. In either case, it still burns fuel. So New York's hydropower-which is 25% of all generation-is turned off when the wind blows. Source


Check your National Grid bill and you'll see that you pay about 3 cents per killowatt not including delivery charges. Wind gets a special subsidy. They charge 16 cents per killowatt or five times more. Your National Grid bill could double if wind becomes a larger part of the mix. National Grid wanted to tell people about the outrageous cost of wind by including a single line on invoices. Cuomo stopped it because it would be a political embarrassment.


Wind sucks as a business too. Niagara Mohawk had a demonstration project in the 90's in Copenhagen, NY. They shut it down after a year saying wind is not a profitable. That was before congress and NYS enacted subsidies. Approximately 70% of the cost of wind turbines is paid by you in your taxes. In 2019 Cuomo proposed $2.5 billion in new state subsidies. That's more than the state's debt repayment.


Upstate has a surplus of electric. We're shipping most of our electric to NYC because downstate does not want more generators there. One problem is that the 'grid' can't handle it and needs to be updated at a cost of $1 billion. If the grid were updated, the equivalent of 440 future and present wind turbines could be eliminated. It's a Cuomo public relations thing at tax payer expense. Spending $1 billion to update the grid doesn't sound as sexy as spending $2.5 billion for more turbines.


• The MET (meteorological) tower is 200'. The turbines will be 300' taller yet AT 500'

• Developers like to say "Can power X number of homes". The wind blows 18% of the time in Fenner. So remember to reduce any claims by 82%.


Why would companies from Iowa and Italy travel half way across the nation or world to setup shop here? It must be the great wind speed right? Wrong! U.S. Department of Energy keeps records of energy production. The Fenner wind farm is one of the worst locations in our state for wind. In fact, when Fenner was first being studied decades ago, the developer had  meteorological test tower in both Fenner and Lincoln. They determined that Lincoln wind speeds were too low. So why Lincoln now? Throughout the wind industry, developers target communities based on poor zoning laws.


During the July town board meeting, a resident asked about the project. A rep from Optimum said that no decision has been made as to the number of towers or their location. However they filed this map with the town which reflect their modified application with the FAA. Nothing was said about the map or the FAA filing.

Looks pretty close to being finalized to me. Or maybe they have plans to put them on Forbes Road. What do you think?

Developers like to squeeze everything possible from a town including the definition of a setback. They like to use 'distance to a home'. NYS says to use 'distance to property lines'.

New York State Energy Research And Development Authority: Property lines should always be part of the setback formula in order to provide consistency and not endanger future uses on adjacent parcels. Use of property lines in determining setbacks assures that future uses of un-built adjacent parcels will not be exposed to unreasonable noise impacts.




Here is a link to a PDF of the proposed draft wind ordinance.



1: New York has a state constitutional mandate that local legislators “protect the health, safety and well-being” of their community. That is the fundamental premise that this entire law is based on. Every aspect of this law is examined under that light. [Note: we are aware of no state law that obligates legislators to promote the interests of business entrepreneurs, wind or otherwise.]


2: The “Findings” (Section 5) are particularly important, as they set the stage for the subsequent rules and regulations. The Findings here make it clear that there are numerous potential serious downsides to industrial wind energy. These need to be carefully considered before an accurate determination of net benefits can be made.


3: After considerable research it has been determined that an effective regulatory industrial wind law addresses six key protections: a) setbacks, b) noise, c) property value, d) environmental, e) escrow account, and f) decommissioning.


4: “Mitigate” has become a legal weasel word that ranges from fix (a problem), to make it better. But how much better is sufficient: 1%?  We have substituted “remediate” to make it clearer that the objective is to remedy the problems caused by wind energy.


5: Although it is a rarity in US wind laws, we strongly believe that a net economic assessment (¶ 8-2.6) is an important, and justifiable requirement.


6: In most local wind laws the developer is allowed to hire their own experts to conduct various environmental tests. If the developer contracts with a sympathetic ally, the resultant tests are likely to have little value. This law provides a simple solution (¶ 8-2.7): give the money that the developer was going to spend on experts, to the

Town. The Town then hires independent experts. The cost will be approximately the same to the developer, so they have no legitimate complaint against this arrangement — but the results to the community will likely be radically better.


7: We also believe that taxpayers should not be subsidizing the costs incurred by the Town, in behalf of these entrepreneurs for these lucrative projects. As such there is a strong (and very justifiable) Escrow Account that is required (¶ 8-4).


8: For technical details on most aspects of this Model Law (and supporting studies), please see (especially the “Legal Matters” page).


9: We have combined SWEF and LWEF into one law, as one of our basic objectives is KISS (Keep it Simple). It’s your call if you would like to separate them.

10: Always consult with a competent attorney when involved in any legal matter.





The objective in writing this law was to produce a very high quality wind law — i.e. an ordinance with rules and regulations that:

a)   reasonably and effectively protect the health, safety and well-being of local citizens and visitors*,

b)  reasonably and effectively protect the property rights of local residents,

c)    reasonably and effectively safeguard the local economy,

d)  reasonably and effectively defend the military,

e)   reasonably and effectively conserve the environment and preserve local ecosystems,

f)    are understandable to legislators and citizens (KISS),

g)   will result in objective and meaningful tests and reports,

h)  are relatively easy to implement,

i)    will not be any expense to taxpayers,

j)    are scientifically sound,

k)  are consistent with the Article 10 Statute, and

l)    can likely withstand a legal challenge (e.g. by the developer).



* The NYS Constitution: <<>>


Article IX is “Local Governments”. Section 2, C-10 gives local legislators the authority to protect the

“…safety, health and well-being of persons or property therein.”